World Arthritis Day 2022:
Osteoarthritis in the hand can cause joint pain, stiffness and many types of problems. It usually affects the thumb joint or the small joints closest to the fingers. After this disease, gradually the bones of the person start weakening and he also feels difficulty in doing his daily activities.
In India, more than 150 million people are suffering from different types of arthritis. This disease, which usually happens to the elderly, has now started making the youth its victims too. In many people, arthritis starts in the feet, while in many people this disease first starts with the hands. A person suffering from arthritis has to face pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints every day. Sometimes this problem lasts for weeks to months.
The bones of patients suffering from arthritis become so weak with the passing day that people also face difficulty in performing everyday tasks. To avoid this disease, it is necessary to detect its early symptoms and start its treatment beforehand. Today, on World Arthritis Day 2022, we will tell you about the early and very important signs of arthritis of the hand so that if this disease is growing inside you or anyone around you, then it can be eliminated already.
These changes occur in the hands Symptoms of
arthritis In the beginning of arthritis, pain is felt in the hands. After this, gradually symptoms like stiffness and swelling in the joints start appearing in the morning and evening. There is also a problem in working with the hands. Experts say that to protect bones and joints from deterioration, it is necessary that it is treated in the beginning.
Types of Arthritis in the Hand
Many types of arthritis can affect your hands including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid, psoriatic arthritis and they all have different symptoms.
Experts say that osteoarthritis in the hand can cause joint pain, stiffness and many types of problems. It usually affects the thumb joint or the small joints closest to the fingers. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease that causes swelling in the joints. This causes severe pain and stiffness in the joints. It is an autoimmune disease in which your body’s immunity attacks its own healthy tissues. It also affects the small joints of the wrist and the joints of the fingers.
Psoriatic arthritis attacks your skin (psoriasis) and joints. In this condition, the joints of the fingers swell and you may also feel pain and stiffness in the joints.
One of the initial symptoms in people suffering from arthritis of the hand is a feeling of stiffness in the joints, especially in the morning. There is also severe pain and swelling in the affected limb. The skin over the affected joint may appear red and swollen.
These people are more at risk of getting arthritis in the hands,
doctors say that people over the age of 60 are more prone to osteoarthritis in the hands. At the same time, after crossing the age of 30, the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis increases in people. People with hand or finger injuries are also more prone to arthritis.
Older people have a higher risk of developing Osteo-arthritis in the hands which is generally reported after the age of 50 years. Rheumatoid arthritis usually occurs first in people between the ages of 35 and 50. Women and people who are overweight are also more likely to get gout. If you have had a previous injury to your hand, a broken joint in your hand or fingers, then you are at a higher risk of developing arthritis. This disease is also transferred genetically, that is, if someone in the family is suffering from arthritis, then this disease can happen in the next generation also.
How to diagnose
Arthritis of the Hand To identify Arthritis of the hand, an X-ray of your hand is done. Damage to bone cartilage is detected through X-rays. Blood tests are done to check for rheumatoid arthritis.
Hand arthritis treatment
The treatment of gout depends on its type, stage, number of joints affected, age, activity level and the affected arm (if you have gout on your right or left arm). Many drugs and treatments are used in its treatment such as splinting/bracing, medications (paracetamol), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs.
Keep these things in mind to avoid arthritis
To avoid arthritis, every person should take a balanced diet full of nutrition. Smoking should be avoided as it increases the risk of gout. If a person has been suffering from this disease then such person will have to change his lifestyle. People suffering from arthritis should also exercise regularly to keep the muscles strong and the joints flexible.